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Common steel

Glossary

Carbon steels

Carbon steels only contain alloying elements used for steel production, as carbon, manganese, silicon, etc.

Carbon steel, % C = 0.2
Carbon steel, % C = 0.2

Classification                       Carbon content
- Low-carbon steel                       less than 0.30 % C
- Medium-carbon steel                       in the range of 0.30 % to 0.60 % C
- High-carbon steel                       above 0.60 % C

Steel Castings

Classification          Carbon content
- Low-carbon steel castings          less than 0.20 % C
- Medium-carbon steel castings          in the range of 0.20 % to 0.50 % C
- High-carbon steel castings          above 0.50 % C
- Low-alloy steel castings          total alloy content of less than 8 %

Low alloy steels

Low alloy steels contain alloying elements as Ni, Mn, Cr, Si, Mo, Nb, Cu. The percentage of all alloying elements does not exceed 5%.

Low alloy steel
Low alloy steel

High alloy steels

High alloy steels contain alloying elements as Ni, Mn, Cr, Mo, Nb, W, V, Cu. The total percentage of all alloying elements is higher than 5%.

Stainless steels

Stainless steels are high alloy steels. Their chromium content is at least 12%.

Austenitic steel
Austenitic steel

Austenitic steel
Austenitic steel

Heat resisting steels

Heat resisting steels have good resistance to oxidation as well as high creep strength to about 1000C. Additions of titanium, aluminium or silicon improve the high temperature characteristics

For further information, on-site training, technical advise or project management, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Last update: September 7, 2015

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